What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal diseases are infections that affect the structures surrounding the teeth. In its earliest stages, periodontal disease affects only the gums. As it progresses, it can take its toll on all of the tissues involved. Periodontal disease can often go unnoticed because it’s painless. But most of the time symptoms will be present. These include:
- Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
What causes Periodontal Disease?
Dental plaque is the main cause of periodontal disease. Plaque is a sticky substance that forms on the teeth. To eliminate the bacteria that forms from the plaque, your immune system responds by releasing substances that cause the inflammation and destruction of the gums that comes from periodontal disease. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums, and loosening of the teeth when periodontitis becomes more severe.
Pregnancy can cause one to become prone to gum disease since there is increased blood flow. It is vital part of your health during pregnancy to come in for your dental cleanings and check ups.